Friday, June 5, 2020

WILLIAM AND AGNES CROSS DOUGLASS--PART 3-4-5

WILLIAM AND AGNES CROSS DOUGLASS--PART 3–4–5

    Land distribution in Salt Lake City in 1847 and 1848 was by apportioning, by lottery, city lots to applicants with permission for building. A city lot could be bought for $1.50, with $1.00 of that going to the surveyor and the remaining 50 cents to the clerk for recording. Each allocation and subsequent deeds and transfers were written by hand on pieces of paper, two by three inches.
    An exhaustive search of the Salt Lake County land records finally disclosed a reference to a document having been filed in the office of the Salt lake County Recorder showing William Douglass to be the “original occupant” of all of Lot 5, Block 13, Plat “B”, Salt Lake City Survey.
    Agnes relates, “On the 6th of October there was a conference held in the camp where council was given that the brethren should organize into companies for the purpose of cutting hay, making adobies (sic), timber, etc. which was gathered together and was divided so that all had hay for their animals and shelter for themselves for the winter.” William went with the haying party.
    Agnes continues, “In 1849, my husband mixed the mortar and layed (sic) the adobies (sic) to build our first house in the valley. I, waiting on him, carrying the adobies (sic) and mortar.”
Throughout the years, Agnes and William related to their offspring how in 1849, William mixed the mortar and laid the adobes with the mortar to build them a good, albeit humble home. Agnes assisted by mixing mud with her feet and carried the mortar and bricks. Their home still stands.
    “That same year when our crops were coming up green, the crickets were so numerous that to all appearances, the crops would be destroyed by them when suddenly there came such numerous floods of seagulls and covered the lots like a heavy fall of snow and devoured the crickets, eating and vomiting until they had the crickets all destroyed and saved our crops.”
    “In 1855 there was what is known as the grasshopper war when many suffered for want of food, but through the blessing of God myself and family were provided for and never suffered through want. During the scarcity of food there was a honey dew (sic) accumulated on the trees, which lasted for a number of weeks. The people gathered and made it into cakes like maple sugar and payed (sic) a tithing of it the same as any other product.”
    “We lived in Salt Lake City in peace, with the exception of the Indians who were troublesome at times, until 1858 when James Buchanan, being then President of the United States, sent an army, the flower of the government, out to thwart the purposes and work of the Almighty God. We then vacated our homes and were ready to put the torch to them if necessary, but what was meant for our destruction by the government, God turned for the good of His people. The inhabitants of the Salt Lake City and northward moved south and the Army marched through the city and to the southwest where they settled a fort known as Camp Floyd,  which gave employment to many of our brethren.”
    “In 1858 and 1859 we raised good crops and supplied the army with grains, vegetables, etc. and thereby procured everything that the people needed to make them comfortable.”
    “The army remained at camp Floyd until the Civil War between the north and south in 1862 (sic) when it was called back, leaving the Saints in comfortable circumstances through the blessing of God.”
    During the ten years that William and Agnes lived in the First Ward of The Great Salt Lake City, as it was then called, five more children were born, namely Samuel, Matilda, Eliza R., Joseph Smith and Mary Elizabeth. All five were born in that first humble adobe.
    It is noted that the sixth child born to Agnes, named Eliza R. Douglass, was born and died there on 23 July 1853. Margaret Sarah Douglass, firstborn of William and Agnes, died in Salt Lake City on 22 July 1854. While there are extant records of the cemeteries in Salt Lake City for that time, no record was made of their burials. Perhaps they were buried on family property instead of a cemetery, or records simply were not generated for all burials at that time. A search of the computerized burial records of extant records for the entire state, available online from the Utah State Historical Society, also failed reference them.
    Salt Lake First Ward, originally called First Camp, was organized on 22 February 1849, with David Fairbanks as Bishop. It comprised the territory south of Sixth South to Thirteenth South and from Sixth East to the mouth of Emigration Canyon. The land east of Ninth East was open country with gullies, ravines, small streams and the habitat of plentiful wildlife.
    Our Douglass’ had built an adobe home on southeast corner of Seventh South and Eighth East, directly across from the site of the original First Ward building still at that location. The address of the original adobe, still standing, was 729 South Eighth East. The Presiding Bishop, who controlled all property at that time, assigned that particular parcel of land to William for a home site.
    William and Agnes Douglass were active participants in the settlement and development of the First Ward and Salt Lake City. They also mingled with the early Church leaders and the pioneer Saints.
    Orson F. Whitney reports, “He (William Douglass) assisted in making canals, irrigating ditches and other public improvements, and aided with his means during the early troubles with the Indians”
    They saw many of the early improvements in the Great Salt Lake Valley including a gristmill and a sawmill built during 1848 and 1849. Brigham Young supervised the construction of an apartment building at the corner of Sixth East and Sixth South. It was built to accommodate the workers of the mills. Alexander Brim built a tannery, on Seventh South between Eighth and Ninth East. A brother Moon built a multi-story apartment building for his wives on Seventh South and Eighth East. On the opposite corner he built a blacksmith shop. William Henry Warburton established his blacksmith shop on Seventh East between Sixth and Seventh South. Because a grocery store was needed nearer than the ones downtown on Main Street, Joseph Warburton built a small frame building on the corner of Seventh East and Seventh South and began a grocery that served the locals for many years before it was replaced by a brick store.
    Other early improvements include the first drug store on the corner of Seventh South and Seventh East that was built and operated by Doctor John Milleron. Carpenters were in great demand because houses and buildings were needed for the many new residents and their animals. Brother Wardle, a contractor and builder, established a carpenter shop on Eighth East between Sixth and Seventh South.
    The first school in the Ward was held in the home of Sarah J. Bement at 629 East Eighth South. The house was a story and a half structure with meager furnishings and was not equipped with blackboards, comfortable desks or efficient lighting. Textbooks were limited and conditions were generally primitive.
    It was while living in the First Ward that Agnes joined the Relief Society. In her words, “I commenced my labors in the Relief Society while I lived in Salt Lake City and have been associated with it since 1854 an have taken an active part in doing good to my fellow beings and organizing societies of improvement.”
    During the “Great Move of 1858”, William was asked by Brigham Young to take his family and colonize in Payson, Utah. Obediently, William and Agnes relinquished their property and the home they had built when they entered the Great Salt Lake Valley back to the Presiding Bishop and it was exchanged for property in Payson that subsequently became the site of Douglass home and businesses.
FIRST DOUGLASS STORE WAS IN PART OF THEIR HOME

The Douglass’ built a substantial home in Payson on the southwest corner of today’s 100 North and Main Street. Their long adobe home had a gabled room on the east and it became the first Douglass store. It stocked everything from oats to ladies bonnets that were millinered by Agnes. Agnes operated the first millinery in Payson. Originally she used one room in her home.
    According to Orson F. Whitney, “During the Blackhawk War William Douglass acted as commissary for the militia and aided materially the companies sent from Payson to protect the inhabitants of the Indian-raided districts.”
 

    In 1861, William established a mercantile business, in which he prospered. Eight years later on 9 January 1869, he with others, founded a cooperative mercantile store. He personally put a large amount of merchandize to start the business, and in which he took stock. For twelve years he was it’s successful superintendent.” He also took stock in the Provo Woolen Mills and in the Z.C.M.I in Salt Lake City.
    William’s expertise as a tailor, small business owner in Scotland and St. Louis, coupled with his faithful service and obedience in Salt Lake City likely contributed to his call to serve as superintendent. This mercantile was an extremely successful venture under his leadership, to the benefit of the stockholders and himself. William always kept the financial books for his businesses and the cooperative.
    One account is given of William’s merchant trips to Salt Lake City for stock. “Each trip involved a certain amount of risk as he usually carried several months worth of cash on his person. The country was sparsely settled and the trail by buckboard or ox-team was a long lonesome one, taking usually two to four days. On these occasions William carried a bamboo cane. Its handle was attached to a stiletto that was cleverly concealed inside the hollow stick. He was never called upon to use it, but there is little doubt that he could have ably defended himself.”
    Marie Douglass Stevenson Stewart, great-granddaughter of William and Agnes Douglass and longtime resident of payson, further describes security at the Douglass Mercantile, “The accumulation of cash that piled up between journeys was another problem. Then as now, there were those who watched and waited for the opportune time to rob a store. A great deal of ingenuity was demanded of the merchant to protect himself. The day’s receipts were hidden in the bottom of a bean barrel, the toe of a boot, or any other place the storekeeper felt a thief would not be likely to look. Though William went to great lengths, even to putting bars on the windows, his store was broken into several times. To prevent robbers from damaging his new safe, where he kept only important papers, he hung a sign on the door: ‘This safe is unlocked’. One time he was awakened by noises and caught two thieves in the middle of ransacking his store. He thought he had taken them by surprise, but instead they surprised him by making their getaway through a large hole in the wall that must have taken many nights to chisel out. The snow that had counted on to cover their footprints had stopped falling and they were easily tracked to a straw stack where the loot was recovered.”
    William built a fine commodious store across the street north from his original store, which was then one of the best in Utah County. The new store building was of frame construction with a high front. Above the main outside entrance was the inscription, “IN HOLINESS TO THE LORD” arched above the All-seeing Eye of Jehovah. The same symbol was above the entrance of each of the stores he had operated. Brigham Young had directed that these signs should be erected for the purpose of indicating to members of the church that in patronizing the store that displayed the sign, they were patronizing member of their own faith, a significant factor for church unity. President Young believed that the cooperative movement would it make possible to bring goods to Utah and sell them at low enough prices so all could afford to buy. The profits would go to the Mormon themselves.
 

  In 1880 or 1881, William retired from the cooperative and established a general mercantile business, named Douglass And Sons, with his oldest son William John Douglass. Other sons joined them in the venture for a while before venturing out in other independent businesses.
    William gave Agnes use of the original home store where she sold bonnets, many of her own making. She was the first milliner in Payson. A few years after William built his new mercantile store, he had built two more two-story buildings, namely the Douglass Hardware Building across the street east and adjacent to the Huish Furniture Building.  He later helped Samuel Douglass build a new building on the northwest corner of today’s Main Street and Utah Avenue.,,This building one block south and located on the site of the William Douglass barn and stable..
    William John remained in business with his father until William’s death in 1892. Afterwards William John Douglass operated the store independently until his own death in Payson on November 25, 1905. William was very cautious and prudent and manifested remarkable enterprise in his own business methods. He also taught his sons and daughters well and they too succeeded in business. The Douglass and Sons store thrived until the 1940’s.
    Effie Townsend gives great detail about the Douglass and Sons Mercantile, other business matters involving William Douglass and the Douglass family home:
    “Grandfather William Douglass became, from the small beginnings of a single large wooded dry-goods-box from St. Louis containing clothing and piece goods, one of Payson’s leading merchants. He had a keen sense of values, instinctively knew how to buy, how to gain the people’s confidence in selling and was a natural leader both in his family and with the public. Also, he kept his own books and always knew his own financial condition. All these qualities, coupled with the helpful frugality of his wife, made for success. His business was styled William Douglass and Sons. Naturally the whole family worked in the store, taking care of the stock and ‘clerking’ as they called it in those days. The final large two story building that William erected for his retail business, was on the corner, N.W. opposite the old home on Payson Main Street. A number of smaller frame buildings were attached on the west side of the brick building and still farther back was a large shed covering all kinds of farm implements. About one fourth of the city block was thus occupied. North of the building and between it and the old Fairbanks residence was a large adobe “Hall”.  This hall, William Douglass rented for storage of grain. The merchandise in the largest building consisted of dry goods, groceries, dishes, cooking utensils, clothing.   The men’s and women’s clothing were kept upstairs. The clothing was neatly folded on long tables and covered with large white covers, while not being shown to customers.
    I must describe the stairway. It ran up in the back from the center of the store in a short mezzanine landing and then from both sides were shorter stairways leading to the second floor. To me as a child, this stairway was an ornate thing of beauty, constructed as it was of fine mahogany, the supporting spindles being beautifully carved, and the steps carpeted. It seemed like the vista leading to a grand hotel ballroom. This showed Grandfather’s excellent taste for fine things.
    At the rear of the store was a small office with a desk. Here Grandfather kept his ledgers and worked part of the day “keeping books” A small window or opening near his desk gave merchant Douglass a good view of what was going on in the store. I almost forgot to tell about the wonderfully privileged large gray cat that sat on the desk or in the window. He was one of our Grandfather’s pets. The other was a canary which sang its head off almost, when Grandfather used a little wooden gadget which he kept in his pocket. When this was turned the right way between thumb and forefinger, it made a few notes like a canary singing.
    No effort was ever made to make window displays. Outside the two front windows of the main store, such implements as ****, shovels, rakes, etc. were on display, and also (what an item for collectors) were all sizes of heavy brass kettles, gleaming in the sunlight or catching the rain. Above the shelving about the middle of the west wall of the main storeroom, hung a very beautifully embossed framed motto which declared William Douglass’ characteristic attitude in his dealings with his fellow townsmen and showed his real moral fiber. It read, “Do Right and Fear Not”. The frame was oval and black, ornamented with a carved design. The lettering stood out boldly in beautiful old English. The “Do Right” was a vivid blue, and the “Fear Not” was a rich dark red, all lettering being accented with gold trading. This really fascinated me and were I now its possessor I would feel I had a real heirloom.”
    The home of William and Agnes Douglass was on the lot which later came into possession of Mary Elizabeth Douglas Lemmon, daughter of William Douglass, who married Hyrum Lemmon. The Lemmons built a nice brick house on the lot and this it was in 1961,  the home of  Elizabeth Dixon McClellan, Granddaughter of William and Agnes.
    The old home, as we always thought of it, and later acquired, occupied the east half on one whole block, bordered on the East by Main St., on the North by First North, South by what was styled Depot St. The main adobe building of this home was once the store building and stood square with the N. E. corner of the city lot. The real home with its long front porch facing North and sloping roof to the South was added to the old store building, and was quite pretentious for those times. In the front part of the house, and next to the store building, was the master bedroom. Next to this going westward was a small family sitting room and library. In one corner of this was a boxed-in stair leading to three bedrooms above. Next to the sitting room West was the beautifully furnished old parlor only used (as was customary) for real state occasions. This I must describe to you more fully. Jane Elizabeth Dixon, who with her mother, Aunt Matilda, lived at the home and I had many a surreptitious peeps into this parlor. This room was beautiful and ornately furnished. To me as a child it could have been the abode of a real fairy princess. The walls of the parlor were white, the floor was carpeted with a rich (probably axminister) soft textured all over seamed floor rug in large flowered design, mostly in shades of rose. At the far west end of the room was a fireplace with black marble mantle above which was an exquisitely carved gold-framed mirror reaching from ceiling to floor, slightly tilted forward. This also was framed in carved gold. The beautiful white lace curtains at the windows were draped to either side of same, resting on ornate carved arms, terminating and exposed to the front with a single large gold leaf. A large square grand piano, ebony, with plush covered round adjustable stool was part the furnishing in this room, an elaborately carved, walnut table took one wall space, on which was placed the usual glass globe of wax flowers. The chairs were also of dark wood, with carved Queen Ann legs, round seats and oval backs and were upholstered in beautiful blended flower design. The parlor was not on the same level as the sitting room, one had to step up one or two steps, have forgotten how many. Near this door in a little niche was a Cucoo Clock which was a never ending wonder to all the Grandchildren.
    Grandmother Agnes seemed to be always sitting in a rocker near the front window of the sitting room reading or doing some kind of hand sewing. She wore gold-rimmed glasses. When one entered the room and was in her presence she seemed to be looking through one as it were. I always seemed to have a guilt complex in her presence, not that she was not tolerant and forgiving but she expected every member of the family to live strictly all the laws of the gospel. Aunt Matilda’s domain seemed the low long kitchen, and the pantry on the south of the sitting room under the sloping roof. She was a wonderful person and took very good care of Grandmother. She was an excellent cook. The kitchen floor was covered with a rag carpet, a huge and old fashioned wood and coal stove (huge) with a high warming oven and water reservoir at one end which needed filling each day to insure plenty of hot water. When a meal was served in summer time (using the East end of the kitchen), on a large drop leaf table, a large rotating fan, with two large black wings looking like a bird of prey, was placed in center of the table wound with a huge key and then it began to rotate. This was not for cooling the atmosphere but to keep the flies away from the food. They also had wire covers for most platters, a modernized version which can be had to this day.
    My memory of the large pantry with its huge wooden door cupboard seems to be centered on two things, first the strings of spiked and threaded hunks of bread hanging in festoons at all angles from convenient anchorage and secondly of the large table covered with hundreds of creamy fat silk worms feeding on mulberry leaves. One might have called these unusual projects “Grandmother’s Hobbies”. Nothing was ever wasted in this house. The bread was dried and saved in case of famine. Later a separate adobe one room building was erected south of the kitchen and a meeting place for the Grandchildren when our mothers visited in the regular family quarters.
    On a trip to Salt Lake City, Grandfather purchased one of those German music boxes with pin studded brass rollers over which perforated rolls of paper could be wound by inserting the groove and turning a handle. We had only three or four rolls which were played over and over again. Old Grimes as one and Auld Lang Syne was another. I can just see cousin Charlie Dixon now, grinding out these wonderful old tunes. He considered this his prerogative to put on the show and would not let any one of the cousins do the turning.
    The little half-block of  the old Douglass home, the barn, the orchard, the vegetable garden, and lastly the flower garden, seemed like a large country estate. Thus the things of our childhood memories assume such magnified proportions. In season we all ate our share of red June apples and the big sweets. We played croquette under their shade and did a little of magical childhood courting when we were privileged to bring home some of our friends. My husband, all through the years talked nostalgically about the red June apples and the vegetable garden. In a little corner West of the parlor had a row of sage, also some wormwood which I was forced to sample a lot. Next to the picket fence on the Main Street side were planted old fashioned pinks, peonies, pansies, and bleeding hearts. Children could stop and look through the white pickets and sometimes tried to reach a coveted flower. Grandmother’s favorite was the bleeding heart, because of its significance on the Douglass Coat of Arms.“
    William was known as charitable, benevolent, straightforward and honorable in his dealings and “Do right and fear not” was his personal motto. He was of a jovial disposition and always enjoyed good clean wit.
    While William operated the mercantiles and other business ventures, Agnes chose to devote countless hours researching and documenting both the Douglass and Cross genealogies. Agnes took the opportunity to return to the land of her birth in 1873 when she went to Great Britain, laboring for some time doing genealogical research. She also accompanied her son, Samuel, to the homes of their families still in Ireland and Scotland, and then home from his mission to Great Britain. They sailed home on the ship, the Nevada, with other Mormon travelers in July 1873. The Mormon Immigration Index – Personal Accounts, includes the following account:
    “Departure of the Third Company.  On Thursday morning last, at 10 o’clock, the fine steamship, Nevada, Captain Forsyth, left Liverpool, for New York, with 283 souls of the Saints on board. Of this number there were 150 from the Swiss and German Mission. With only a few exceptions all the Saints in this company are booked through to Utah. Elder Elijah A. Box is placed in charge of the company and is assisted by Elders George Crisman, D. Cazier and N. H. Clayton, all of whom are returning missionaries. Elder Henry J. Smith, who speaks German, will assist Elder Box, as far as Omaha, with the Swiss and German Saints. Elder Erastus Snow who has traveled during the last three months, through the Scandinavian Mission, instructing and comforting the Saints, also embarked on the Nevada n his return home. Sister Douglas (sic) and her son, Brother Samuel Douglas (sic), junior (sic), after spending several weeks among their relatives in Great Britain, also return home with this company. Our prayer is that these returning elders and Saints may be carried safely over the ocean and on the railroads, and that when they reach the land of Zion they may rejoice in the society of relations, friends and acquaintances.” .
    In 1891, Agnes again accompanied a son on a mission to Great Britain. She and her youngest son, Joseph Smith Douglass, went to Ireland and Scotland where she again collected a large number of Douglass and Cross related names and data for temple work. Joseph was married and the father of four and one on the way when he was called on this mission.
    Agnes engaged many of her immediate family in performing the sacred temple ordinances for these ancestors over the years. With great personal sacrifice she traveled to the Logan Temple to do this vicarious work. Her ‘Temple Record Book’ lists the names and dates in her own hand.
    Marie Stewart also provides great insight to life in the William Douglass home. She declares, “The following years brought many luxuries. William was indeed Payson’s Magnificent Amberson. He and his wife were the natural host and hostess for the town’s visiting dignitaries. Their home, with its lush Georgian furniture, provided the proper setting for fine entertaining. Brigham Young, a close personal friend, was an overnight guest on many occasions.”
    “William’s youngest daughter, Mary Elizabeth, was a bright eyed beauty, and had a wit with an edge on it like her father’s. She was the apple of his eye and very close to him, refusing to leave his store even after she married. Finally, her husband, Hyrum Lemmon, built a store of their own.
          His other daughter, Mrs. Charles Dixon, and her three children made their home with her parents. She was widowed shortly before her little girl, Jane Elizabeth, was born. These little grandchildren added much life to the household, and made more mischief than William ever knew. He was in the habit of having a hard-boiled egg for breakfast. His little granddaughter Jane took a great interest in this egg for occasionally he didn’t eat it. Before the hired girl could clear the table, Jane would slip it into her pocket, and later in the day exchange it for candy at her grandfather’s store. Its sale never failed to bring back an enraged customer. No double William spent many hours pondering over who the culprit was who was selling him hard-boiled eggs.
    Before the railroad came to Payson, William had a fine buggy sent out from St. Louis. He had to travel by horse to American Fork to get it. It was drawn by two fine Hamiltonians, the first of that breed in Payson. They were grained and groomed until their coats glistened in the sun. William and his wife indeed made a fine pair as they drove up in their new buggy each Sunday for church. So fine that a sermon was preached cautioning the congregation to refrain from trying to out-do their neighbor in their attire. William knew they were speaking directly to him. The next Sunday instead of dressing in his usual silk top hat and frock coat, he appeared in the old clothes that he wore to do his chores. His wife wept when she saw him and he reconsidered.
          Young Bill Calkins did the driving and was a boy of fifteen when he went to work for the proud and peppery Scotchman. He was hired for fifty cents a day and on one occasion to pull the nails out of packing boxes and stack the boards neatly by the house. He finished the job in good time and was told to report for work the next morning. The next day his task was to move the boards back under the shed where the boxes had been originally. On the third day to his astonishment, he was told to bring them over by the house again. So this went on day after day, moving the boards back and forth from one place to the other. Finally, at the end of the week he was paid with a five dollar gold piece. “ I have no change sir,” stammered the youngster. “That’s your pay son,” William replied. Somewhat bewildered, Bill asked hesitantly, “What are the extra two dollars for?” “For doing your work and keeping your mouth shut,’ was the answer. Bill never forgot this incident and retold it many times.
          William, no doubt believed that when a man earns what he has, he appreciates the value of a dollar. Once his son Samuel, after washing his hands at his father’s store, went to throw the water out the back door and accidently (sic) threw the china bowl with it. He knew his father well and hurriedly put the broken pieces in with the trash and replaced it with a new one exactly like it. But, William discovered the broken basin and bringing the pieces into the store where his sons were busily working said, “I don’t suppose anyone here knows anything about this?” There was no answer. As William returned the broken bowl to the trash, he said to his little grandson Samuel Jr., “A fool and his money are soon parted.”
    A glimpse into William’s tender side comes from her story about his cat. William kept a cat in his store, across the street from his home, and every morning carried a saucer of milk across the dirt road to his dear pet.
    We are extremely grateful to Marie for her generosity and sharing her memories and research with us since 1986. Her devotion to all generations of our Douglass family throughout time can never be repaid.
    Diaries and journals of Payson residents provide us with little vignettes of life in the little town of Payson during the 1880’s. Despite all the early hardships of establishing homes and businesses, the Douglass’ and their neighbors enjoyed many celebrations and holidays. It is noted that the Douglass home was often used during such festivities.
    “Tuesday May 5, 1883, the Sunday School held a grand festival in Dixon’s Grove to day (sic) and had a very orderly time under the comeets (sic-committees ?) there was swinging and running, and walking and wheel barrow running and quailing and picking up balls and cquoting (sic-croquet ?) and plenty of music from three bands and the select band took the best by all odds, then dancing in the Hancock Hall and on Douglass’ Cellar floor for the small children till six p.m. when the City Hall and the Hancock Halls were opened to the more stronger dancers and was kept up with great spirit and vigor till morning.”
    “Wednesday July 4, 1883, grand celebration firing of cannon, flags flying, meeting house full and good time in general. Matinee in the Opera House for the children at 2 p.m. and at night a good play and a good house dance in the Huish Hall, rain in the afternoon, high wind and dust, the day past of well and no one hurt, plenty of ice cream to be had for the cash.”
    “Tuesday July 24, 1883. Pioneers (sic) Day guns firing at day light, music by the bands, then more musket firing, the people all alive, the bell is now ringing for the gathering of the people 9 o’clock a.m. the grand procession marched though the principle streets of the city then to the meeting house when everything was represented that could be then dancing in the afternoon for little children and for the larger children in the evening, a grand performance in the evening.”
    “May Day, 4 July and 24 July were all commenced by firing of guns and serenading by the bands, going to the home of prominent people and playing a tune, then a parade down Main Street. On May Day there was always a May Queen with her maids, the queen was crowned after the program then the maids danced around the May Pole.”
    “The program sometimes was given in the Tabernacle and sometimes in Dixon’s Grove. The Declaration of Independence was always read by someone, songs were sung and a stump speech given. In the afternoon there were many kinds of races for children and a dance, in the evening there were dramas presented and a dance. Lemonade, candy and ice cream were sold. The ice cream was made in a large bucket, the bucket was placed in a tub of ice, some of the strong boys would turn the bucket back and forth by the handle, the lid was taken off now and then so the cream could be thoroughly stirred, then turned in the ice again until the cream was frozen. Those helping to freeze the cream was (sic) given a free dish of ice cream. A great day could be enjoyed for twenty-five cents.”
    Agnes, who had joined the Relief Society organization in Salt Lake City, continued her service in the Relief Society in Payson and remained active as a leader until her death. The Relief Society was organized in Payson on May 7, 1868, and its members were given the task of helping the poor and aiding the distressed. Agnes was called as First Counselor of the Payson Ward Relief Society to President Betsy Jane Simons. She served in this capacity for twenty-four years.  The Relief Society had been organized in Payson twelve years earlier, but when the president, Rachel Drollinger, left for the Muddy Mission the unit became inactive. Agnes took lifelong pride in the service she rendered the Relief Society and her community.
    Agnes obviously was an important woman’s leader in the state of Utah. She was one of the thousands of female church members who battled for rights. On 6 March 1886, a mass of representative Mormon women from various parts of Utah convened at the old Salt Lake Theater to protest against their impending disfranchisement through the Edmunds Bill and against what they believed to be mistreatment by federal officers and courts. Their vitalized speeches led to the framing of a memorial by a committee of twelve chosen from their number. Agnes Douglass of Payson was honored to be chosen one of the twelve, and her name is penned on the original document delivered to Washington D.C. While their efforts did not change the law, they powerfully registered their resistance to the persecution of polygamists, the loss of the right to vote by any “suspected” as being a polygamist, and the general loss of civil rights to a large number of Utah residents.
    There were many newspaper reports of these twelve women, and those they represented, and their valiant endeavors during that time. Later, in a historical report of representative women of Utah, the picture of Agnes and two of the other women who signed the petition appeared with an lengthy article on page 6 in the Daily Herald  on Monday, July 15, 1963.
    He died in Payson, Utah on August 19, 1892. His death was a result of compassionate service rendered when he and his sons labored throughout the night attempting to put out a fire at a neighboring business. That property was a total loss and William’s lungs were damaged. He never totally regained his health. William was buried in the Payson City Cemetery two days later, the funeral having been conducted from his home, which was the custom of the day.
    We find it interesting that William Douglass did not bequeath anything specifically to his wife by will or deed. He undoubtedly trusted implacably in his sons to share with their mother from all the substantial assets they inherited at his death. His faith in his sons was well placed. For fourteen years Agnes wanted for nothing. She “shopped” at the Douglass and Sons Mercantile, then managed by William John Douglass, taking anything she needed without paying. She likewise did the same at her other son’s and son-in-law’s place of business.    Surviving her husband by fourteen years, Agnes Cross Douglass died in Payson on September 5, 1906. Her death was caused by bronchitis, which she had battled for eleven days. She was eighty-eight (actually ninety) years, 4 months and twenty-nine days old at her death. Agnes was also buried in the Payson City Cemetery on September 7, 1906.




WILLIAM AND AGNES CROSS DOUGLASS--PART 1 AND 2




WILLIAM DOUGLASS & AGNES CROSS DOUGLASS

    Effie Douglass Townsend, who was born in 1876, was a grandchild of William and Agnes, the daughter of Joseph Smith Douglass. She was sixteen when William died and thirty when Agnes died. She well knew her grandparents and has often described them. She recounts that she had a vivid memory of both their appearances and personalities. Effie describes William as a real aristocrat and Agnes much like Queen Victoria:
    “He appeared to be proud, yet underneath was sweet and humble. He did not waiver one instant in any decision for what he thought was right or righteous. Of medium height, possibly about 5 feet 6 inches, and inclined to be portly in his later years, he walked with head up and shoulders erect, carrying a beautiful gold beaded cane. This cane he did not need for any support, but was a customary part, like the heavy gold chain which  he wore across his vest with the large gold watch carried in the left-hand pocket of his attire as a dignified gentleman.
    Perhaps because of the fact that he had learned the tailoring trade in his early days, he had an innate taste for fine materials in his suits. Always he looked immaculate, so much so, that often he was held up for ridicule by the more careless pioneer types of the community. For the winter season he wore black velvet vests and in summer, white linen vests. I remember hearing this story about Grandfather’s white linen vests—it seems he wore a fresh vest every day and if he accidently got a little spot on the one he was wearing, he changed for a fresh one. Grandmother decided it was foolish of Grandfather to have a fresh vest every day when perhaps the used one looked perfectly clean so they folded the fresher looking ones, given them a quick run over with the flat iron and placed them back in the bureau drawer used for that purpose. The next day they found all the used, reconditioned vests crumpled on the floor. They could not fool Grandfather.”
    William Douglass descended from a long line of fiercely independent and religious ancestors who fled Scotland during the persecution of the Covenanters in the early 1600’s and settled in the Six-Mile Water Valley of County Antrim, Ireland in what is known as the Irish plantation period.
    William was born 2 February 1819 in Ballybentra Townland in the civil parish of Donegore, County Antrim, Ireland. The Douglass estate home and farm, called Summerdale, where William was born is still in use and in remarkable condition. He was the only known child of his parents, Samuel and Agnes Gamble Douglass.  Agnes died before 20 November 1824 when Samuel married Mary Farrell. Samuel and Mary had one daughter and then three sons.
    Samuel Douglass was a wealthy farmer who held a lease to one of the six farms in the Townland of Ballybentra, which is about twelve miles northwest of Belfast. The Ballybentra portion of the Douglass farm consisted of 83 acres and an additional 24 contiguous acres in the Townland of Ballysavage. Ballybentra abuts Ballysavage on its northern border. This brought the Douglass holdings to 107 acres, a very impressive property for that day. The Douglass farm was located adjacent to Castle Upton in the Village of Templepatrick.
    Samuel, a staunch Presbyterian, gave his children every educational advantage. William attended school continuously from childhood until sixteen years of age. He was then given his choice of careers. Family legend indicates William followed his interests and chose tailoring.
    This displeased his father who thought tailoring beneath the dignity of a member of the Douglass family. It is believed that their disagreement may have caused William to leave home. It can be assumed at that time William apprenticed to learn the art of tailoring, either in Ireland or Scotland, because in about 1841, at the age of twenty-two, he established himself as a tailor in the town of Campsie, Stirlingshire, Scotland. He soon built a prosperous business there.
    There are different family legends that exist in relation to why William Douglass left his home and went to Scotland. As already reported, William’s father remarried soon after the death of his first wife, Agnes Gamble Douglass.  As was then custom, when a man died his oldest son inherited the family property. While William was Samuel’s oldest son by his first wife, Mary also had an “oldest son” by Samuel. It has been passed down through the generations that Mary pushed to have her firstborn son inherit Ballybentra instead of William. Both, or either legend may be true. To date, there is  no proof supporting either scenario.
    He established a successful tailoring business of Campsey and it was here that he first heard the Gospel. He was baptized on 27 March, 1842, by Elder David Wilkie of Salt Lake City.  Another early convert in Scotland was Agnes Cross who was also baptized by Elder Wilkie three days before William.  William and Agnes courted and were married the next fall on 14 October 1842, at Belfast, Antrim Co., Ireland.  This was the county of their birth and also the area where their first child, Margaret Sarah was born.
    On 10 September 1844, they left Liverpool England, on the Ship "Norwalk,” to join the Saints in America.  This was two months after the martyrdom of Joseph Smith on  June 27, 1844, at Carthage Jail.  They reached St. Louis on November 23, 1844 and stayed there over the winter.  In the spring of 1845, they traveled up the Mississippi River and joined the Saints in Nauvoo.  The question of succession had been settled and the Church was expanding under the leadership of the Twelve,  This was a time of growth and development in Nauvoo and the Douglass' purchased a lot and built a home.  William was ordained a Seventy in the Nauvoo Temple on 27 October, 1845, This was just after the October Conference in which President Brigham Young expanded the Seventies Quorums and announced plans for the orderly evacuation and journey west.  The conference was held in the partially completed Nauvoo Temple and Brigham Young dedicated it as far as it was completed.  The first ordinance work began in the temple on 10 December, 1845.  This was a time of increasing alarm and persecution by the enemies of the Church.

The Douglass' second daughter Agnes, was born on 28 December, 1845, at Nauvoo.  They had put all their resources in building their home in Nauvoo which they soon would be forced to abandon.  The first emigrant companies crossed the Mississippi River in February 1846.  Most of the Church Leadership left with them.  Orson Hyde stayed in Nauvoo to supervise the completion and dedication of the Temple.  He advised William and Agnes to go to St. Louis and earn the means to emigrate to the west.  The Douglass' followed this council and left for St. Lewis on April 6, 1846.  The Nauvoo Temple was completed and dedicated 30 April, 1846.  About 1500 impoverished saints were left in Nauvoo and during the following summer were persecuted and driven across the Mississippi to the Iowa shore.












    Both William and Agnes heard the principles of the Gospel of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints proclaimed by the missionary David Wilkie in the early spring of 1842. We learn from the diary of Andrew Sprowl that David Wilken preached in Charleston, Paisley Branch, February 17, and on February 28, 1842 he preached at Portland Street, Glasgow. The diary states Elder Wilkie again preached at Charleston on Thursday, May 28, 1842. In the summer of 1842, not long after Agnes and William’s baptisms, Elder Wilkie was sent to labor in Ireland very near the area that William and Agnes had been born and raised. William and Agnes were the only members of their immediate families to join the church. They too were among the early Mormon converts in Scotland.
    On 14 October 1842, William Douglass and Agnes Cross were married in Belfast, County Antrim, Ireland. Their first child, Margaret Sarah Douglass who was named after Agnes’ deceased mother, was born on 4 August 1843 at her father’s birthplace in Ballybentra. We know from Agnes’ own hand that her firstborn, Margaret Sarah, was born in the Civil Parish of Templepatick (Ballybentra).
    It is less than twenty miles across the channel from Stranraer, Scotland to Larne, County Antrim, Ireland, and throughout time it was common for people to cross back and forth for marriages, christenings, and the like. Stranraer was the closest Scottish port to Ireland. However, the Douglass’ ventured back and forth from Ireland to Scotland traveling by ship from Larne, Ireland to Campsie, Scotland, across the sea and on the Firth of the Clyde Waterway, a distance of approximately a hundred and sixty miles. While Stranraer was closer, the cloth industry center was in and near Paisley and Glasgow.
    We are unable to say for a certainty whether they were still residing in Scotland after their conversion and traveling back and forth to Ireland to share their marriage ceremony and the birth of their first child with family still in Ireland, to be with or near Elder Wilkie and the members there, or whether they had returned to Ireland to live. However, the fact that they sailed from Scotland to Liverpool strongly suggests that they had maintained their residence in Campsie.
    Five shiploads of Mormon emigrants sailed from Scotland to Liverpool, England in the year 1844. William, Agnes and baby Margaret sailed from Scotland to Liverpool on 10 September 1844. On Thursday the 19th they boarded the ship the “Norfolk” along with 140 other Mormon converts and at 3:15 p.m. sailed from Liverpool for New Orleans, Louisiana, landing on 11 November 1844. The “Norfolk” held the twenty-eighth company of Saints to sail for Zion in America, and was the first shipload of converts to sail after the Prophet Joseph Smith was martyred. They arrived in St. Louis, upriver, on 23 November 1844. Several printed family histories state the Douglass’ wintered in St. Louis until the spring of 1845 then resumed their travels to Nauvoo, Illinois. However, in her autobiography Agnes states, “…. in September 1844 and went to Nauvoo, Illinois, where we purchased land and built a brick house, which we were obliged to leave in the spring of 1846 on account of the great mobbings and persecutions from the ungodly.”
    William was ordained a Seventy by Jedediah M. Grant in the Nauvoo Temple, 27 October 1845. He was a member of the 31st Quorum of the Seventies in the “City of Joseph”. There were a total of 33 Seventies Quorums in Nauvoo. The Seventies’ Hall was so busy that each Quorum could schedule a meeting only once every three weeks. On 17 January 1846 William Douglass’ name appeared on a list of the sixty-five members paying sixteen cents each for the purchase of consecrated oil for the Endowment and other purposes, and also for the assistance of Joseph Young, Senior President of the Seventies Quorums and the brother of Brigham Young.
    William and Agnes’ second child, a daughter that they named Agnes, was born at Nauvoo on 28 December 1845, during the height of the persecutions.
    Agnes continued her story with, “At that time the mob burned the property of the Saints and mobbed and murdered those who were unable to leave Nauvoo. We left Nauvoo on the sixth day of April 1846, my second child being then three months old.” This of course, was Agnes’ thirtieth birthday.
    We feel great appreciation and affection for William and Agnes and their young family when we read her firsthand account of the persecutions and exodus of the Saints. “ We went down the Mississippi River as far as Keokuk on a flatboat and were one day and night out in a very severe rain storm without any shelter. At Keokuk we got on board a steamer and went on down to St. Louis, Missouri. We remained there until the spring of 1848. During that time my husband and I worked hard almost night and day, and accumulated a fitout (sic) of provisions, clothing, etc. for to last us 18 months and a team and wagon.”
    It seems surprising that in Agnes’ autobiography she did not mention the fact that their baby daughter and her namesake, Agnes, died while they were in St. Louis earning the necessary funds to finance their trek westward. Agnes, born 28 December 1845 at Nauvoo, died fourteen months later on 24 February 1847. She is buried in the Old Methodist Burying Ground in St. Louis.
    We gain insight to William’s character and personality from Orson F. Whitney. He reports, “In April, 1846, the exodus to the West having begun, he (William Douglass) left Nauvoo and went to St. Louis, where he worked at his trade for a time, and then engaged in the mercantile business. He would take goods into the country, sell them and solicit orders for more. He prospered in this line of work. He had a genial, lively nature, and was popular both with the people and with the merchants, who when he made known his intention of moving West, expressed much regret, and desired that he should take a stock of goods and continue business with them after he had reached his journey’s end. Having settled his affairs, and provided himself with a good supply of clothing, farm implements and provisions, he and his family set out for the Rocky Mountains.”
    Agnes stated, “We left St. Louis on the 10th day of March with an ox team and arrived at Winter Quarters about the middle of April. We left Winter Quarters on the 17th day of May and on the 18th my oldest son, William John, was born in Potawatomy (sic) County.”
    Additional details of their travels and the following account in Agnes’ autobiography are found in History of Utah. “They left St. Louis on the 10th of March 1848, traveling by team to Winter Quarters, where they arrived in time to join the first companies that emigrated to Salt lake Valley that season. They were comfortably outfitted with a new wagon, two yoke of oxen and two cows, and were organized in President Brigham Young’s company, first division, Erastus (sic) Snow, captain. They left Winter Quarters for the Elkhorn, where the companies were organized, on the 17th of May, and the next day, while still en route, Mrs. Douglass gave birth to a child, her eldest son, who was named William John. On May 21st they resumed their journey to the Elkhorn, and on the 2nd of June a general start was made for the mountains.  The Douglass family arrived in Salt Lake Valley on the 23rd of September.”
    Agnes provides us with personal details of that time with these words, “On the 19th my husband had to return to Winter Quarters to procure some articles that we were in need of and during the time he was gone a very severe storm came on and the sisters who were in attendance being weary had retired, leaving some of my clothing out on the line to dry and not wanting them to get wet I stepped out of our wagon in the strength of Israel’s God and gathered my clothes piece by piece until I had them all tucked in the front of our wagon and I was not one whit the worse for God had given me strength sufficient to my day.”
    “On the 20th we resumed our journey, and crossed the Horn River (also called the Elkhorn) on the 22nd, on a raft of our <Latter-day Saint’s> construction, where we remained until the 22nd (sic) when we were organized into companies of one hundred teams each, and started on our way to the Rocky Mountains.”
    “We were in the first company, Brother Lorenzo Snow,  the Apostle our captain. We traveled over trackless prairies, made bridges and made our wagon roads, except some few times when we could find and follow the pioneer’s track, who had traveled the same road in 1847.”
    “We arrived in Salt Lake Valley on the 23rd of September 1848, having stopped two days at Green River so that President Brigham Young and company might get in head of us. At the time when we arrived, there was not a street, house nor a fence where Salt Lake City now stands. All there was barren waste.”
    William, Agnes, Margaret Sarah and William John Douglass were just four of the 4,000 Mormon pioneers who crossed the plains and arrived in Great Salt Lake City during the year 1848. Although they celebrated their safe arrival, they never forgot baby Agnes, born during the height of the persecutions in Nauvoo, who at the age of fourteen months they had buried in St. Louis.
    We learn additional specific details pertaining to our pioneer’s trek across the plains from The Church Emigration Book, Volume 1, 1830-1848. The following chronological items give additional insight to the contributions they made and the challenges the Douglass’ and their fellow travelers faced:
    1 May 1848 Brigham Young held a 10:30 a.m. meeting at the store in Winter Quarters. He said that those going west to meet at the Elkhorn. William’s company built a bridge over the Papillion River, as it shortened the trek over three miles
         2 Jun 1848 (Friday) Lorenzo Snow’s Hundred started yesterday (Thursday, June 1st)

        12 Jun 1848 Lorenzo Snow’s Company crossed the loup Fork on the banks of the Platte River

    5 Jun 1848 They were on the banks of the Platte River and had traveled 21 days averaging 14 2/3 miles per day and they laid by for nine days (rested)

    9 Jul 1848 W. W. Phelps composed the hymn, “The Saints Upon the Prairie” while with the first company, including the Douglass’, who were all in Ash Hollow area (The Second Division, under the command of Heber C. Kimball, was seventeen miles behind them)

    12 Jul 1848 First Company in sight of Chimney Rock, Wyoming

    13 Jul 1848 Camped at ancient bluff ruins, 419 miles from Winter Quarters, eighteen broken down wagons and six without cover who came from Salt Lake; on traveling days started about 7:30 a.m. and stopped for each day and unloosed the cattle at about 3:30 p.m.

    19 Jul 1848 Laramie Peak in sight

    20 Jul 1848 Porter Rockwell arrived in their camp and brought mail from Salt Lake City; stopped at Green River for two days

    11 Aug 1848 Wolves mauled our stock in great number; passed under Independence Rock

    16 Aug 1848 More cattle died; “bad water”

    20 Aug 1848 Last crossing of the Sweetwater; Lorenzo Snow’s Company started across first

    24 Aug 1848 frost in buckets, ¾“ of ice

    30 Aug 1848 Wednesday On the Sweetwater, 764 ½ miles from Winter Quarters

    16 Sep 1848 Ice freezes in buckets; frosty mornings

    23 Sep 1848 Saturday First Company arrived at Great Salt lake City



HANNAH JUDD COURT

Hannah at about 40 years of age

Hannah Judd Court (Bolton)

    Hannah  Judd  Court (Bolton)    was  born November 14, 1832 in Fossel, Warwickshire, England.  She was the third of eight children bo rn to Arthur Judd and Eliza Cross.  Hannah h a d no formal schooling.  Her father was a silk weaver,  and  operated  a  loom  in  his  home. Hannah learned early to weave the silk ribbons, special output of this home loom; in fact, she was hardly tall enough to reach the engine, in order to wind the bobbins, when she was put to work. 
    When she was twenty years of age she married William Lee Court, a shoe-maker from Burbage, Warwickshire, England, who was born November 6, 1824.  Because she was not quite twenty-one years old, her mother objected strenuously to her marriage. 
    William had a habit that sometimes got him into trouble.  Several times he landed in jail for hunting on the forbidden lands of one of the Lords. After their marriage, William and Hannah heard and accepted the gospel and decided they wanted to come to Utah, where the body of the Saints dwelled. 
    Before leaving England,  she had her fortune told, the gist of it being that she would be married twice and be the mother of nine children.  We will find out that later this, in a sense, came true.  Another thing that she was told before leaving England was that Brigham Young would take her away from her husband upon her arrival in Utah.
    In 1862 they arrived in Utah after months of journeying from England via Liverpool and New York.  (Later information has them landing in New Orleans and coming up the Mississippi River.)  Their  ship, a sailing vessel,  required  six weeks  for  the  voyage.  During the  voyage  their five-year-old daughter, Alice, contracted the black measles (called the red measles today).  She became very ill; so much so, in fact, that they even had her sewed up in a sheet preparatory to throwing her overboard to the sharks, which always followed the wake of the ships as scavengers. Hannah had already lost two children in England, and she begged them to make sure Alice was dead before tossing her overboard.  They made one last check, and as a result Alice lived to be over sixty years old. 
    Hannah and William, along with a widowed sister of William's, traveled together in the Homer Duncan Wagon Train Company to Salt Lake City.  Of Hannah's whole family, only two joined the church and emigrated to Utah.  The other besides Hannah was a brother, Arthur Judd, who settled in Idaho Falls, Idaho.  Hannah and her family first located at Provo Valley, where they resided for a short while.  They moved to Payson, Utah in the spring of 1862, where they set up permanent residence. 
    The first child to be born to Hannah and William Court in the new world was a daughter, Eliza, born at Payson April 17, 1864.  Three sons followed; Arthur, born April 8, 1866, who died as a young child; Abel, born November 1, l867, who died when he was a young man, and Andrew, born January 20, 1872, who died June 23 of the next year.  Hannah loved to play jokes.  One day she got up and told her husband that the cows were in the garden.  He got up, stomping and spluttering around, wondering who let the cows out.  He got dressed and went out, but soon came back, reporting that the cows had all been safe in the corral.  Then Hannah admitted that she had just been playing a joke on him.  Boy, was he mad!
    Ten years after coming to America William Court died, leaving Hannah a widow with three children to support.  Hers was the usual hard times of the pioneer, made doubly hard by the loss of her provider.  She did washings, husked corn, dried fruit, and did many other manual tasks in order that her three children might go to school and become better equipped to face life's battles.  All this was in direct contrast to the work she had been accustomed to, that of handling silk.  Hannah's mother wanted to come to Utah, but because Hannah still owed on her emigration charges, officials took her only cow for the debt, and her mother remained in England. This so discouraged Hannah that after her husband died she would have returned to England but for the lack of funds.  Even though Hannah had no formal schooling, she taught herself to read.  One of her comforts was reading the Deseret News, which she subscribed to for many years. 
    In March 1878, she married John Bolton and took his two children to mother. The youngest child was then only three months old.  Her life with Mr. Boulton proved to be a very unhappy one, as he would beat her. She finally obtained a divorce from him.  Hannah so impressed the importance of baptism upon the minds of her two little step-children that they counted the years, months, and days until they would be old enough to be baptized. 
    Shortly before the time set for the oldest, a boy, to be baptized, his father forbade it and not long after, the boy was accidentally killed.  The other, a girl, was later baptized.
   Hannah used to tell the story of how she out-witted a thief. Instead of having a cedar chest as we do now, she had a long, wooden box that she kept her clothes in.  At the very bottom of the box she had a five dollar gold piece.  One day she went to town and when she returned she found that someone had torn the screen off her bedroom window and got into the house.  They had ransacked the room and had some of the clothes that were in the box pulled out on the floor.  They hadn't found the gold piece, though!
    One of Hannah's main means for supporting herself and her children was raising a truck garden.  She had the first radishes in the summer, and would bunch them for people to come and buy.  She also raised currants, gooseberries, raspberries, and cut and dried hundreds of apples and other fruit to sell to the co-op stores in the fall. She had to irrigate all the time, all alone, except for her cat, who used to keep her company.  She often said she could always tell about where the water was, because the cat would lay down in the furrow, and when the water would reach him he would get up and move a little further along. 
    One summer, she had quite a bit of trouble with someone taking her water.  Once she went up the creek to see where it was going and found out who had been taking the water.  He started quarreling with her and trying to make her believe that it wasn't her turn.  She was not much more than five feet tall, but she took about as much as she could, then hauled off and knocked the man down with her shovel.  You can bet he didn't try to take her water anymore! Hannah was easy to get along with, but she knew how to stick up for her rights!
    After the death of Abel, Hannah lived alone for the remainder of her life.  She was troubled for many years with rheumatism and many times she would be found walking the floor to keep her joints from stiffening, for she didn't want to be a burden to anyone.  She was also troubled with a hernia, which ultimately caused her death.  The summer of Hannah's eighty-first year rolled around, and she was still seen out tending her garden. 

Hannah at 80 Years of Age
     Quite often she would go and visit her grandchildren, and when they saw her coming they would run out to meet her, crying, "Grandma, do you have some candy for us?" "Grandma, do you have some peanuts for us?" "Do you think I am a walking candy store?" she would reply. Then she would reach down into the pockets of her skirt or into her basket she would always carry on her arm, and bring out all sorts of goodies; English currant pie or biscuits, stick candy, peppermint candy, apples. She always had apples, even if no one else in town did. She would pick them in the fall and put them in boxes of wheat and they would always keep good. 
    Her grandchildren used to take turns going to Grandma's house and staying with her overnight.  They can remember finding her many times sitting in the dark in the evening, singing.  She loved to sing. For years the family had been coaxing Grandma Court to go down and have a picture of her taken.  Finally in the fall of her eighty-first year she went down all alone to a local photographer and had her picture taken. Grandma Court had a favorite name for her grandchildren: "wenches", she called them.  When she became very sick her grandchildren would beg her not to leave them. "What will we do without you, Grandma?" they would plead. "No, no, wenches," she would say, "Let me go, I want to go." Grandma Court had her wish granted that she would not be a burden on anyone. While her sickness was severe, she was sick just one week before she was called home on February 14, 1915, at the age of 82 years. 
    She was a faithful church member and many remember her for her deeds of kindness.  She never turned a hungryperson awayfrom her door. Even if she had onlya crust of bread in the house, she would share it.  She taught SundaySchool for ten years and attended meetings regularlyup until the time of her death. At the time of her death the local newspaper paid the following tribute to the aged pioneer woman: "She was of a genial and uncomplaining disposition and was always willing to bear life's burdens cheerfully.  She died in full faith of the gospel."*

Sunday, May 24, 2020

ABRAHAM DONE

Abraham Done
 ABRAHAM  DONE

    Abraham Done was born March 3, 1853 in Hartshead, Lancashire, England.  He was the oldest son of John and Sarah Barker Done.  He had three younger sisters and four younger brothers.  His younger sister was also born in England and the remainder of his sibling wee all born after the family arrived in Utah.
    When Abraham was born, his parents had already accepted the Gospel of Jesus Christ as taught by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.  They had joined this church December 6, 1852, three months before he was born.  When they accepted the Gospel,  they were advised to go to "Zion" as soon as possible so they began their plans and preparations.  Before the final plans could be carried out, Elizabeth Anne was born 27 June 1854.
    With the monies they had been able to save, and the balance borrowed from the Perpetual Emigration Fund of their new found church.  The borrowed money was to be paid back as soon as possible after they arrived in Utah, United States of America. They set sail from Liverpool the 22nd of April 1855 on the vessel Samuel Curling.  They arrived at New York City the 27th of May 1855.  They had been on the ocean for five weeks on their sailing vessel.  Abraham also brought his mother, Anne Hancock, with him. 
    The trip from New York to Utah was made by train, river steamer, and on foot.  They traveled with the company of Milo Andrus.  From Kansas to Utah they walked as they traveled by ox-teams.   Sarah Barker Done walked all of the way from Kansas and most of the time she carried her fourteen-month-old baby.  It was a hard trip for all of them.  John drove the oxen that pulled the wagon they were assigned to.  He had never seen oxen before so could have had no experience handling them.  He soon learned. 
    When they reached the valley of the Great Salt Lake they decided to settle at Little Cottonwood, which was about ten miles south of Salt Lake City.  John had been a factory worker in his native England but there were no factories where he could seek employment, so he purchased a small farm.  Farming was also a new experience to him but he had to provide for his family and his Mother.
    George Henry was born to the family 29th June 1857, while they were living in Little Cottonwood.  When Johnston's Army came into the Salt Lake Valley, Sarah took the children and went south to Springville, where she remained until John could build a new house for them.  While living in Springville Mary Jane was born 5 July 1859.
    Hard times were experienced while they were living in Springville.  John could not get all of the land that he needed to farm so that he could build the new house and the family decided to move farther south to Sanpete County, to the town of Moroni.  For their first home here they used a dugout in the side of a hill where they later built a room adjoining, which was made of adobe and had dirt floors. 
    The hardy parents soon became accustomed to the new way of life.  The Father became a better farmer and the Mother learned to card wool, spin it and make their clothes from the wool.  She was a good cook and a fine homemaker.  She made a happy home even though they were poor in the worldly goods. 
    They slept, cooked and entertained in the one adobe room and it was here that their remaining children were born.  John Jr. was born 11 August 1861;  Sarah Ellen was born 9 September 1863 (she died of scarlet fever when she was eighteen months old); the twins Wilford and Willard were born 10 December 1865 (Wilford died when he was one year and nine months old).  This additional sorrow was just about more than their mother could bear. 
    Abraham, called Abe, was baptized in Moroni and was a great help to the family.  He learned to shoulder many responsibilities.  Though life was hard for these hardy pioneers from a foreign land, and they often went without sufficient to eat, the home was rich in good music.  John was an accomplished violinist and Sarah had a beautiful voice.  Their music brought many happy hours to their home and the entire community.
    When Abraham was nine years of age, with his violin, he joined with his Father in playing for programs and for the dances in their village.  The grasshoppers were still a problem to the farmers.  At times the grasshoppers filled the air like a cloud.  They were killed by the bushels.  That first winter in Moroni was so cold that fruit and corn would not produce, Wheat, potatoes, and many other vegetables could be raised so at times, even though they had no bread, they had plenty of vegetables and greens. 
    Their mother sorrowed after losing the two babies and her health was affected.  Even the water at Moroni did not agree with her and Abraham and the family became ill.  The decision was made to move again and they selected the town of Payson, in Utah County. 
    Before leaving Moroni they had sold their home, but received very little money in payments so they had only an ox team and this small amount of money.  Again it was a hard start.  They bought a lot in Payson that had a large, one-room log cabin on it.  They were crowded in this one room but their health was better.  They also purchased ten acres nearby and they planted it into alfalfa. 
    By the time Abraham reached the age of sixteen years he was a real help to the family.  They made the adobes for the two rooms they added to their home.  Everyone in the family worked at whatever they were capable.  The girls received $.50 a week for working in homes and the boys worked with their Father in the fields. 
    John next bought a large tract of land west of Payson where he raised alfalfa seed.  He was one of the first in the area to raise this type of seed, and he and his boys were very successful in this venture. 
    Abraham also became very proficient as a carpenter.  The family also bought a sawmill in Payson Canyon where they cut the trees and made lumber which they could successfully sell.  The second or third organ brought to Payson was purchased by John Done, for the benefit of his children and their love for music.
    Elizabeth Annie (Lizzie) learned to read with help from her Mother.  She also learned some "numbers" but her formal schooling did not come until she was fourteen years of age and went in the "Third Reader." She attended school only four winters. 
    Lizzie, being the oldest child, had to assume   as much responsibility as possible.  She helped with the housework and also with some of the work outside, such as drying apples or crushing them for cider, which was mostly made into vinegar, to be sold.  She also helped when they were extracting the honey from the beehives.  She learned to sew by hand before the family “cutting bees at fruit drying time and "corn shelling bees in the winter.  There was always much laughter and singing at these parties.  When their tasks were finished, there would usually be honey or molasses candy and apples for all.  Also, cookies which were made from sour cream and honey.
    A friend, Antha Fillmore, lived next door to the Robinson home and was a very close friend to Elizabeth Robinson.  One evening, when Antha's boyfriend called on her, Abraham Done, came with him and he introduced him to Elizabeth.  The two couples began to double date and soon a double wedding was planned.  The date was set much sooner than the parents could complete the preparations, but the "double marriage" took place any way.  They were married on  June 22, 1875.
    The new Mrs. Done stayed with her parents for a week after the wedding while preparations were being made for the new couple to live with Abraham's parents for a while.  Abraham continued to work with his Father and brothers on the farm and at the saw mill.  The families prospered and were able to accumulate quite a lot of property. 
    Abraham managed the first Electric Light Plant that served the people of Payson.  The family had purchased some stock in the company. 
    Abraham went on a mission to the  Southern, Šri Lanka in 1888 and while there he contracted the Malaria fever.  The disease really took its toll and kept reoccurring so he was released from the mission to return home.  He was not able to complete one year of the mission and his hair turned prematurely grey during this sickness. 


Done Home still stands at 289 South 300 East in Payson

   Abe was very active in civic affairs, as well as church. He was city councilman and a member of the Payson school board, also Sunday School Superintendent.  The Done School across the street from his home on 300 East and 300 South was named in his honor.  He was exceptionally good in spelling and mathematics and played in the Payson orchestra, being a violinist.
    Soon after his returning home, the family moved into a new, large, two-story house.  This home was considered one of the best in Payson.  The lot, about half of a block, contained a lumber yard, corral, barn, shade and fruit trees and a large lawn.  The last three children of the family were born in this home.
    Plural marriage was the subject of much controversy at this time. Abe and Lizzie were anxious, to live this divine principle, so they decided to sell their property and. go to Mexico where they could live in peace. A number of people were there including Robinson and Done relatives. So all the family, except the oldest son who was on his mission in Germany, moved to Mexico. They boarded the train in Payson for El Paso, Texas and then on to Colonia Dublan, Chihuahua, Mexico. Enough other people went to make up two passenger cars, including a young widow, Louisa Haag Abegg, with her four children. Abe and Louisa were later married according to the law of plural marriage and had five children: Richard Haag, William F., Marba, Otto and Beth. A mixed train was chartered with the two passenger cars, some freight cars for the furniture and other belongings, and cattle cars for the cattle and horses.
    When they reached El Paso, Texas, Lizzie's brother, Bishop John Robinson of the Dublan Ward was there to meet them. He rode back to Colonia Dublan with them, and Abe stayed to see about getting the furniture, cattle and horses across the international border. They stayed with John for a few days, then purchased a three-room adobe house, adding a kitchen and another bedroom. This was about in the middle of town, east of the railroad tracks.
    Abe and Lizzie were always fond of company, parties, picnics and family gatherings. He liked to read, but abhorred dirty jokes, or trashy reading. He was patient, long-suffering and managed his children with justice. Lizzie was also patient. She loved to sing at home or in the choir. When correcting her children and grandchildren she would sing a song appropriate to the occasion.
    Abe used the talent he gained in violin playing any time when asked for the benefit of family or church. He organized a family orchestra in Dublan, and then organized the town orchestra. He played the violin. His son Joe played the trumpet or cornet. The girls, Edith, May, Eva and Ethel helped with the organ at various times.
    He secured farming land, and also worked as a carpenter doing many jobs to sustain his family. They had taken a stand of bees to Mexico with them, which Lizzie took care of, so they always had honey and honeycomb. She liked to tend them and though they stung her, it did not seem to hurt.
    His family used their talents enriching their lives and benefiting others. Edith gave private music lessons and taught school. She married Louis Paul Cardon. They had twelve children-Louie, Edith, Mary, Florence, Paul Done, and Ellen (twins), Eva, Ethel, Lucy, Thomas Done, Emanuel Done and Lawrence Done—seven of whom survived to adulthood.  Abe's baby, Abram Wilford died of diphtheria, while quite young.
    Arthur Done returned from his German mission and came to Colonia Juarez where he taught school in the Juarez Stake Academy, the church high school. He was very efficient on the violin, and taught music. He married Fannie Clayson, and their union was blessed with these children: Fannie Mae, Arthur Joseph, Jesse Clayson, Jedde Edward, Ethlyn Annie and Dorothy.
    Abe and Ellen Precinda Moffett (Nellie) were married according to the law of plural marriage at that time in the colonies. Their family consisted of: Reed, Olive, Leo, Bernard, Leela, Ammon, Pearl, Horace, and Owen Emmett Done. He built homes and took good care of his loved ones.
    Abe's families lived in Mexico until the Exodus of July 28, 1912. The colonists were asked to leave by the Church Authorities because of the Revolution in Mexico. Each family was allowed a small amount of clothing and bedding, the rest they had to leave. People sadly gathered to await the train. Some were loaded into freight cars, including Abe and Lizzie. She had a can of sugared honey and gave the children hunks of it to keep them quiet while waiting.
    The destination was El Paso, Texas. And, at the time of the Exodus, the government seemingly forgot about them as Mormons, and simply thought of them as American citizens in trouble. A large lumberyard was arranged to make it as comfortable as possible, and those who had no friends or relatives in El Paso were allowed to stay there until places could be arranged. All the refugees were encouraged by the Church Authorities to go to a town or place where they had relatives, or someone to help them get located, and find work. Abe moved to Binghampton, near and now part of Tucson, Arizona, where a colony of refugees was locating.
    During the winter of 1914-1915, Lizzie went to Salt Lake City, Utah, where she took a course in obstetrics and nursing that the General Board of the Relief Society was giving. She helped deliver hundreds of babies in the years that followed, mostly in the Binghampton area. Most of the time she was doctor, nurse, and part—time housekeeper.
    To celebrate their fiftieth wedding anniversary in 1925, Arwell and Mary B. Done Pierce took her parents on an extended vacation to visit all their children, then on a tour through Yellowstone Park, through Montana, Washington, Canada, down the California coast, and back to El Paso, taking three and a half months.
    Abe, Lizzie and Nellie and families moved to Mesa. Louisa stayed in Binghampton.
To celebrate their sixtieth wedding anniversary, in June, 1935 a reunion was held in Mesa, Arizona. Most of the family, many relatives, and also close friends attended this. They spent a good deal of their last years doing temple work in the Arizona and Salt Lake temples.
Their daughter Eva, and husband, Harry L. Payne, were President and Matron of the Arizona Temple for several years as also were their daughter May (Mary Brentnell) and her husband Arwell L. Pierce.

    They were living in Salt Lake City when Abraham suffered a stroke and died June 13, 1937. Lizzie then stayed with her children and daughters—in-law, going to those she felt needed her first in the Utah area, then to El Paso, then to Mesa. She suffered a stroke on Mother's Day, May 8, 1938. May took her back to El Paso where she cared for her until she died August 5, 1938.
    Funeral services were held in El Paso, Texas then she was buried by the side of her beloved husband in Provo, Utah Cemetery.