Thursday, April 30, 2020

PAYSON PIONEERS --MATTHEW HENRY DALEY

Matthew Henry Daley

 Matthew Henry Daley, son of William and Mary Ann Graham Daley, was born July 1, 1844 in Nauvoo, Illinois, three days after his parent's beloved prophet had been martyred.
    William and Mary Ann Daley had emigrated from Scotland after joining The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1841.  They traveled to Kirkland, Ohio to be near the prophet Joseph Smith.  Then the Saints were driven from Ohio and settled a swampy land near the Mississippi River, called Nauvoo.  Here Matthew Henry Daley was born.  He was the fifth of nine children, however,  Matthew was the oldest living child.
    Matthew's father, William Daley, was an active member of the L. D. S. Church in Nauvoo.  He was a member of the local military group called the Nauvoo Legion and also donated his time to build the temple.  But even before the temple was completed, the Saints were pushed from their comfortable homes in Nauvoo.   One of the last things William and Mary Ann did before they left for the wild country, was  to go the Nauvoo Temple for their endowments on 31 January 1846.
    Two-year-old Matthew and his parents took what little belongings fit into a small wagon, across the Iowa mud and stopped in Mosquito Creek, near Council Bluffs.  Matthew's father left his small family with the Saints in Iowa and went down river to work as a tailor in St. Louis, Missouri.
    The William Daley family stayed in Iowa for five and a half years.  Matthew's two brothers were born here, John Moffatt and David James.  In 1852, the Saints still in Iowa were advised by Brigham Young to proceed to Utah.   
    In July of 1852, Matthew's family packed two wagons and headed west, to Utah.  Eight-year-old Matthew drove the cattle behind the wagons.  In one instance, on the wide flat prairie, a large herd of buffalo veered toward the wagons near the river.  The cattle were hurriedly moved away from the wagons, away from the buffalo herd.  Several of the large creatures were shot just short of the wagons.  There was enough meat for several weeks.  The company arrived in Salt Lake Valley in September 1852.
    The William Daley family was directed south, to Provo.  Here, Matthew's father homesteaded near Rock Canyon and the foothills northeast of Provo.  They built an adobe house in the center of Provo.  Here Matthew spent his boyhood.
    As a young man, Matthew worked for Orrawell Simons in Payson on a threshing machine.  One day Matthew got his foot caught in the machine.  It tore off his boot, but his foot was saved.  In 1862, Orrawell Simons, mayor of Payson, sent Matthew to meet the wagons of the Wightman and Dixon families who were coming from Kirtland, Ohio.
    Orrawell, a relative of the wagon train members,  told Matthew that he could have his pick of the fine daughters on the wagon train.  Matthew met them at the Point of the Mountain, between Salt Lake City and Provo.  On that wagon was a refined young woman named Mary Elizabeth Wightman.
    Mary was the daughter of Charles Billings Wightman and Mary Ann Dixon Wightman.  She was born the August 22, 1846 in Kirtland, Ohio.  Her family stayed in Kirtland after most of the Saints had left.
    Mary told her children about living near the Kirtland temple.  Mary also met and heard Martin Harris tell about seeing the angel and the gold plates of the Book of Mormon.
    Mary's family emigrated to Utah in 1862.  Mary, age 16, told her children of the Indians they met along the wagon road.  The Indians spread their blankets near the camped wagons.  Mary gave them crackers that had been packed for that purpose.
    Mary's father, Charles Wightman, was a blacksmith by trade.  His forge was often called on during the journey to fix wagon wheels or ox and horse shoes.  Mary said her father drove the entire distance to Utah “without wearing the popper off the whip” used to drive the oxen.  Once her baby brother crawled into the campfire, burning his hand, leaving it crippled for life.  The Wightman family made the trip with Mary's uncle and family, Christopher D. Dixon.  It was an adventure she shared with her cousins.  They arrived in Salt Lake Valley on September 16.
    Mary remembered that a young man named Matthew Daley met her wagon train at the Point of the Mountain, south of Salt Lake Valley.  Matthew stopped, and put his leg over the saddle horn and rolled a cigarette.  This was the first cigarette Mary had ever seen.
    Mary became Matthew's girl of choice.  The two were married less than a year later on March 1, 1863 in Payson.  It was a snowy March day and they rode in a sleigh.  There was a large crowd of relatives at the wedding.  After their marriage, Matthew worked in the blacksmith shop of Mary's father, Charles Wightman.
    In 1864, Matthew drove his two four-horse teams and wagons to Missouri to help bring Saints who had no means to emigrate to Utah.  He left his bride and six-month-old child, William Charles, to go serve others.  Mary had her family to help her, but it was a hard summer.  In September of 1864, their first born son died.  This probably happened before Matthew returned from Missouri.
    A year after the death of their son, Matthew and Mary were sealed in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City on September 2, 1865.  Matthew and Mary had a total of 12 children, three of whom died as children.
    In 1866, Indians in Sanpete County had killed some settlers and taken several hundred cattle.  The U.S. Military would not send troops, so Brigham Young called for volunteers.  Matthew and several other men from around Payson, joined the Utah Militia Volunteers under Captain Abram Conover to fight in the Black Hawk Indian War.  He left Payson with John Tanner, Enoch Monk, John Staheli, Hyrum Elmer, Race Calkins, Bill Loveless, Al Bagley, John Moore, Elijah Hancock and others.
    The Militia camped on San Pitch, east of Gunnison where they had a battle with the Indians at Gravely Ford.  It was a dangerous fight.  Matthew “nearly had his head popped off by one of the Indians.”  Eventually Black Hawk was wounded.  Race Calkins said Matthew did it, but Matthew said Race did it.  Neither one would accept credit.
    Captain Conover's cavalry followed the Indians east and south through Grass Valley, over the mountains to Fish Lake.  They waded along the lake where the grass was so high they could not see a deer run through it.  They camped on the Fremont River where the explorer John C. Fremont had camped.  They crossed Rabbit Valley where you could see a rabbit run from one side of the valley to the other.  Then south to the canyons and gullies of Wayne's Wonderland.  In September 1866, the Captain Conover division was sent home.


Matthew and Mary Elizabeth Daley

    Mary, Matthew’s wife,  spent the summer of 1866 living with her sister, Jane Wightman.  She told her children about a  big calf that stole the milk from her and Jane.
    In 1871, Matthew built a house north of Payson.  Then they moved to a little white house behind Heber Curtis's home in Payson on today’s 400 North.  Their family soon numbered four children, Amy Adella, Matthew Henry Jr. (nicknamed Judge), May Isabell, and Lillie Florence.
    In 1875, Matthew decided to homestead a tract of land northwest of the Union Pacific Depot in Payson.  Here two sons were born, David James and Joseph Arthur.  David, however died as an infant.  Matthew built a nice adobe house and set out 1,000 fruit trees.  The rabbits and pets invaded the orchard, causing havoc for Matthew.  Then, as the trees began to bear fruit, Matthew lost his irrigation water to farms up stream.  The trees withered and died.  He finally sold the land to Jesse Knight for 80 cows.
    Matthew, Mary and their growing brood of five children then lived in a log home Matthew built in Thistle Valley.  When their cows were stolen, Matthew moved his family and the log house to Provo.  In Provo, another son was born, Graham Little.
    In 1879, the Matthew Daley family, with others, took their cattle and loaded wagons toward Arizona.  During the trek, one of the other family's wagon tipped over and Mr. Colvin was killed.  Then Indian troubles caused them to abandon the trek to Arizona and to settle in Grass Valley in Sevier County, Utah.  This was the beautiful valley that Matthew had seen while following Indians during the Black Hawk War.
    They arrived in Grass Valley in November 1879.  Matthew sold  a  few cattle and bought some land from the Hancock, Brown and Hatch families.  That following winter was known as the hard winter.  Snow piled high, and many cattle died.  But spring did come, and with it the hard work of clearing the land of sage brush.
    Matthew built a two room log house in Koosharem.  Here, two more children were born, Caroline Elizabeth (nicknamed Dolly) and Wilford Franklin.
    The Daley family drove their wagon up to Fish Lake where a local L. D. S, Conference was held.  In 1880 President Wilford Woodruff visited and spoke on Bowery Creek.  Matthew had a strong testimony of the Gospel of Jesus Christ and often read the Book of Mormon aloud to his family.
    Then they moved to Burrville and bought the George Rust home, with his cattle and sheep.  The sheep herders had trouble with bears, so a wagon box was hung in a tree so the sheepherder would have a safe place to sleep at night.  They built a big church and rock school house in Burrville.  It, however, soon collapsed.
    After about two years, they moved back to Payson.  Here a baby son named Hyrum was born and died.  Matthew sold this house for 200 French merino sheep.  He instructed his son, Arthur, and Philo Wightman to herd the sheep on the foothills of Payson.  But in 1886, having too many sheep to feed, Matthew drove the sheep down to Grass Valley.
    Matthew had part interest in a dairy on the Hancock ranch.  For two years, he used his cows to make cheese.  One summer he left his older children at the dairy while he and Mary went back to Provo to haul water-soaked ties out of the Provo River.
    In July of 1888 their last child, Effie Jane was born in Provo.  When the baby was three months old, Matthew and Mary started back to Grass Valley to be with their other children.
Mary's health began to decline.  She was very ill for a long time.  She often spoke of a blessing that Eliza R. Snow gave her.
    In 1890, Matthew bought another ranch known as the Frying Pan at Fish Lake.  Here he built a large one-room house and ran a dairy.  He also traded his large herd of sheep for 120 acres below the Koosharem Reservoir.  He used that land for pasture.
    Matthew also drove freight.  His cheese sold for 12 to 15 cents a pound.  He gathered deer hair from where the Indians tanned their deer hides.  This was sold in Salt Lake City to a harness shop to make collars for horses.  His turnips were also sent to the Salt Lake market.
    In 1892 he drove his cows from Grass Valley up to Payson, rented the Dixon ranch east of Payson and made cheese to sell.  Matthew built another home on the south end of Main Street in Payson.  The brick for this home was made in Payson, but the lumber was from Grass Valley.  This home had a blacksmith shop in the rear and dewberries and fruit trees all over the lot.  His son Arthur Daley bought and lived in this home most of his life.  It was later purchased by his son Donald Daley who remodeled and updated it for his family.  It was later sold and the home was demolished and replaced by Red Rock Orthodontics.
    During the summer of 1893 Matthew drove a mule team to Grant County, Oregon and worked on the mining claims.  On the road he met Coxey's Army (protesting unemployed men) on their way to Washington, D.C.  He thought the “army” would take all his food, but he made it to Oregon unscathed.  After working in the mines all summer, Matthew arrived home on Thanksgiving Day.
    Matthew tried to live in Payson and let his sons live on the ranch in Grass Valley.  But, he put in most of his time on the road traveling back and forth.  In 1897, Matthew moved to Eureka and Knightville to work for Jesse Knight as a guard.  He kept the claim lines from being moved forward or backward.  He was also a blacksmith for the smelter in Homersville Canyon.
    In 1906 Matthew bought 40 acres of land from Jesse Knight, west of Payson.  But he only raised 15 to 20 bushels per acre.  About 50 years after the Black Hawk Indian Wars, the government gave the volunteers back pension money for their service.  Matthew used this extra money to purchase a home on South Main Street.  He fixed it up and landscaped it nicely.  His granddaughter, Blanche Whitelock later bought it and lived there with her family for many years.
    Matthew Henry Daley always did his part in civic affairs.  He opened his home to all people, especially the poor.  He endured many hardships of pioneer life.  But most of all, his testimony of Jesus Christ was strong.  He passed away on June 30, 1921 in Payson, Utah.  Matthew and his wife are buried in the Payson City Cemetery.




Monday, April 27, 2020

PIONEER WOMEN OF PAYSON-- HARRIET BILLINGTON BATES

HARRIET BILLINGTON BATES


Harriet Billington was born November 27, 1831 in Audlem. Cheshire, England.  She was the daughter of Joseph Billington and Martha Brown.
    Harruet was a vert good scholar.  She learned quickly ad always did her work well.  She was alson very proficient with both regular sewing and fancy work.
    When the gospel was introduced to them, they very quickly understood and accepted its truths.  The family was also baptized members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
    In 1842, the family set sail for America.  When they arrived in Nauvoo, Harriet became acquainted with the Prophet Joseph Smith ans his brother, Hyrum.  When they were killed by the mobs, she deeply mourned their deaths.   However, she did accept Brigham Young as the new leader of the church.  When leaving Nauvoo she and her parents crossed the Mississippi River and went on th Council Bluffs.  While there, her mother passed away.
    Harriet and her father crossed the plains with the Second Company of Saints in the fall of 1847.  In 1849,Harriet met a young stonecutter named Joseph William Bates.  On December 10. 1850 the were married.
    In 1857, Harriet went with her husband to the mouth of Little Cottonwood Canyon where he was involved I cutting stone for the Salt Lake Temple.  They had two small children at that time;
    The family later moved to Payson to be near the other members of the Bates Family.  He built his family a two-story brick adobe home with six rooms, a wide hall and porch and a balcony.  At that time it was one of the nicer homes in the community.
    In 1879, Joseph became ill and wad unable to work.  He passed away on June 30, of 1890 and was laid to rest in the Payson Cemetery,
    Harriet was privileged to attend the dedication of the Salt Lake Temple in 1893.  She felt the closeness since her husband had helped to cut some of the stones used in the construction of the new edifice...
    Harriet had been a widow for nineteen years when she passed away at the age ofseventy0-eight and was buried beside her beloved husband in the Payson Cemetery.

Saturday, April 18, 2020

PIONEER WOMEN OF PAYSON

ELIZABETH MITCHELL BARNETT

    Eliza, her mother and several of her sisters could not deny their testimonies of the church and remained faithful to their new faith.  Eliza was very distraught at displeasing her father.  She  rise early on Sunday mornings and walk eight miles to attend services of the church.
    While Henry Westland Barnett was serving a mission, me became acquainted with Eliza.  Henry hailed from London, England.  They were later married on March 25, 1862 in a little town near  Newcastle on Tyne at the home of a friend.
      Shortly after their marriage, they left for America.  It took six weeks for the ship to reach the shores on America.  After arriving in American they took a thousand mile trek westward across the prairie where they lived in a dugout for a period of time.  The later traveled with the Homer Duncan Wagon Train on their travels to reach Zion.  They arrived on September 24, 1862 where they would make their new home.
    Eliza suffered through many trials and hardships.  Her family lived in extreme poverty at the time.  Her spirit was never overcome by the struggles she endured in her life in her new home.  She became the mother of thirteen children, seven boys and three girls.  Three of her children died as infants.
    Her husband, Henry, answered the call and served two more missions.  While he was away on his missionary service, Eliza was left to care for their home and children.  She was an expert dressmaker and helped her family make a living. 
    When they made their home in Payson, their home was outside the outskirts on the community.  With her husband away much of the time, she was left alone with her children.  During the Blackhawk War.  This was lasted from 1865 to 1872 in the area.  She faced whatever danger their was without any help.  She was a brave and faithful woman.
    Eliza served for many years on the local Old Folks Committee.  She was also called into church service in the women’s organizations of the church. She answered the call and was the counselor to the District Relief Society President.  She then served as a Primary Presidnet.
    Eliza passed away on December 19, 1950 in Payson at the age of seventy-five.  She was buried in the Payson Cemetery.  Her husband, Henry, joined her in the family plot almost two years later on November 14,1917.
   The missionaries serving in Aberdeen at the time taught the family the gospel of the new American church.  The entire family joined the church and were baptized members.  Due to the actions of a missionary, her father forbade his family to have anything to do with the church.
   Elizabeth Mitchell, Eliza as she was called, was born November 28, 1840 in Aberdeen, Scotland.  She was the daughter of William and Ellen Legg Mitchell.  Her family was early converts to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Friday, April 10, 2020

PIONEERS OF PAYSON--THOMAS POULSON CLOWARD

THOMAS POULSON  CLOWARD
SHOEMAKER

Thomas Poulson Cloward
Thomas Poulson Cloward  was born in Pottstown, Chester County, Pennsylvania on December 10, 1823 and lived with his parents, Jacob and Anne Pluck Cloward, until he was fifteen years of age.  He was the fifth child and had nine brothers and sisters, Catherine   Ann, Charlotte, Daniel Henry. William, James Mason, Jacob Elijah, Albert Wilson, Hannah Jane. and   Eliza Ann.   They lived in Pottstown until after his brother Jacob Elijah was born, then they moved to Wilmington,   New Castle,  Delaware where Albert Wilson, Hannah Jane and Eliza Ann were born. He was then apprenticed to Mr. Poulson, a shoemaker. Thomas remained with him until the spring of 1844, and it was at this time that he added Poulson to his name.
After accepting the Mormon faith, he went to Nauvoo, Illoinois, After his arrival in Winter Quarters with the exiled saints, he became aquainted with a young lady, Mary Page, whom he courted and later married on the 25th of March, 1847.
Two weeks later, oftThe same year there was a company organized, and he was chosen one of a band of 143 to come west to the Rocky Mountains and find a resting place for the saints. They left in the sixth day of April, arriving in Salt Lake Valley July 24, 1847. He left his wife in Winter Quarters and Thomas  left to head west  with the Brigham Young Company of pioneers. He was one of eight scouts who came to the Salt Lake Valley July 22, 1847, looked over the country and reported their findings to Brigham Young.
After his arrival in the valley with the Pioneer Company,  Thomas is credited with making the first pair of shoes in the Salt Lake Valley. The wife of Heber C. Kimball, Ellen Saunders Kimball, was badly in need of shoes after the long journey. Thomas took an old pair of boot tops, sat down on the ground where the old Z.C.M.I, later in what would become the downtown area of the ciity.  He made her a pair of shoes, also a pair of moccasins from the scraps for the little one she was expecting,.
In the fall of the same year, Mr. Cloward returned to Winter Quarters to assist other saints in their exodus west. The following spring,  he crossed over to the east side of the Missouri river, there built a house and made some small improvements on government land. The winter of 1848 Thomas moved to St. Joseph, Missouri and remained there until the year 1852.  He then fitted himself out with a yoke of oxen, a yoke of cows, and a wagon. With his wife and two children, he joined Captain David Wood's Company leaving Kanesville, Iowa in June and again crossed the plains to Utah.
Thomas left Salt Lake that same year and settled in Provo, and here he took a plural wife.  He met and married Mary Amelia Gardner, daughter of Elias and Amy Pritchard Gardner in the year 1853. He remained in Provo nine years then moved to Payson, Utah where he set up a shoemaking establishment.  A pair of high heeled ladies shoes made by this artisan was  highly prized; and "there was not a child in the settlement who wore neater footwear, or a young man at the dance who was more proud of his boots, than the boys whose father was Thomas P. Cloward. After the boys were married. he made shoes for their wives. Often the young boys' boots were made of brown leather with bright red trim around the top."
Cloward Shoe Shop on right with large boot on building.


When Mr. Cloward  moved to Payson from Provo he erected a cabin on the current highway, east of town. Later,  he built a cabin further west and still later built a fine brick home.
He had eight children with his first wife and eleven children with his second wife. After coming to Payson, heI built a  cabin out in the fields east of town.  He worked as a  shoe maker until the Salem Canal was started. He  took an active part in building this canal which brought the much needed water to this little valley. I\
He was called to go to Echo Canyon to take part in what was called the Buchanan War of Utah War. The President of the United States, James Buchanan, sent out a  large army to invade Utah, as it was reported that Mormons were not loyal to the Government. This happened to be one of the coldest winters, and many hardships were encountered. Food and clothing were scarce. Some had to wear rawhide on their feet and boiled rawhide for food. They had no woolen clothing to wear and standing guard in the wind and snow while their clothing froze to their  bodies. In the Spring of 1858, they were called home with the loss of only one man.
Although driven from home by mobs under the guise of law. he never felt disloyal to the flag and Constitution of the United States. In 1852,  he came to Provo, and there assisted in building a fort to protect the people from the Indians. He served in the Walker War under General Conover. He also served in the Black Hawk Indian War under General William McClellan, and was always to the front in defending the homes of the people. He was also one of the prime movers in the construction of the Salem Canal, which cost in the neighborhood of $45,000 and made possible one of the richest fields in the wes tern country. He has always been identfied in many ways with building up of this section of the country.
Thomas Poulson Clowardlived a  long life. and was a  joy to his numerous posterity. He died the 16th of January 1909 in Payson, Utah, and is buried in the Payson City Cemetery in the family plot along with this two wives.